aka Nankana forms a very important..
Saka Nankana forms a very important
part of Sikh history. The saka constitutes the core of the Gurdwara
Reform Movement started by the Sikhs in early twentieth century. The
interesting part of this saka is the unprecedented discipline,
self-control and exemplary patience displayed by the peaceful Sikh
protesters even in the face of extreme barbarism. Even the national
leaders like Mahatama Gandhi had to acknowledge in no ambiguous terms
the glory and the prestige which the peaceful and passive resistance of
the Sikhs had brought to the India's Struggle for freedom.
concepts of Sangat, Pangat, Dharamshala (Gurdwara) and Kirtan took firm
roots during this period and became important constituents of Sikhism.
Congregations in Gurdwaras had played crucial roles in the religious and
social affairs of the early Sikhs. Later, they assumed wider dimensions
by transforming into religio-political organisation. The peaceful and
non-political budding Sikh brotherhood was transformed into a proud and
fiercely martial nation through the baptismic process of Amrit-pan.
After a long and continuous resistance of several decades against the
tyrannies of Mughal rule, the brave Sikhs finally emerged victorious and
succeeded in carving out 12 Khalsa principalities in Punjab which soon
led to the creation of a unified Khalsa kingdom with Ranjit Singh at the
helms. Maharaja Ranjit Singh reconstructed the Gurdwaras earlier
destroyed by the Moghuls and also raised many new ones at the sacred
places connected with the Sikh Gurus. For the sustenance of the Mahants,
Maharaja Ranjit Singh had attached handsome landed properties with many
of these Gurdwaras. The earlier Mahants were devoted Sikhs and true
missionaries who did a lot for the spread of Sikhism. As the times
rolled by, the Gurdwara incomes swelled enormously and the enormous
money corrupted and degenerated the later-time Mahants into loose lived
individuals. They started treating the Gurdwara properties as if they
were their personal fiefs. This changed the things for Sikh Panth.