Gurudwara Baba Gurditta Ji.History




Gurudwara Baba Gurditta Ji is in the village of Chandpur Rurki of Nawanshahr Distt. It is at the entrance of the village and about 1.5 km from Garhshankar-Anandpur Sahib link highway. It was built in memory of Baba Gurditta and Baba Kesra Singh Ji. Baba Gurditta was elder son of Guru Hargobind Sahib.

Famous visitors

Gurudwara Baba Gurditta Ji is a historical and holy place for Sikhism. Baba Gurditta Ji visited Chandpur Rurki with two associates. They stayed one night along with their horse. This Gurudwara has two Samadhis for two associates, held in main Gurudwara Sahib Ji. Herein Baba Ji traveled on their horse along with two associates, and took rest here; also tied their horse with chain, this chain is still visible in Gurudwara Sahib.

Famous holy phrase

One special phrase has been famous for this Gurudwara and is a blessing to visitors. This phrase is "Dhan-Dhan Baba Gurditta ji, Deen Dunia Da Tika Ji, Jo Var Mangya, So Var Dita Ji".
All visitors and especially citizens Chandpur Rurki, their relatives and loved ones have highly strong and full trust in this Gurudwara. Each and every event/function/ceremony has been always started with remembrances to Baba Gurditta Ji. Otherwise, the residents face hiccups in their concurrent and future activities.

Events and celebrations

No event or new step can be successful without remembrance of Baba Gurditta Ji. Plenty of historical events have been associated with Gurudwara Sahib, wherein local people have strong belief and faith. Everyone could fulfill his wishes either in Baba Gurudwara at Kiratpur Sahib or in Baba Gurudwara at Chandpur Rurki.



Pir Buddan Shah


                                    Durgah of Peer Baba Budhan Shah


Peer Budhan Ali Shah, who some claim was born an Arab named Shams-ud-din, (Sun of the faith) was a Sufi Muslim Saint (some claim he lived to be more than 800 years old) He is also said to have been born in Talwandi (now known as Nankana sahib), the birth place of Guru Nanak sahib. He lived in the area of today's Kiratpur, long before the township was established.
Many myths have been written about him and two cities have shrines that claim to hold his remains. In Jammu City planes are said to dip in deference to his memory on landing and taking off. On each Thursday, his grave near the city's airport becomes the site of a huge Langar as people bring pots of Biryani, to the tomb of the beloved Sant who was a vegetarian his whole life.
Others say he was the model for Gandhi ji's diet his last years, as he subsisted only on milk from his goats that were milked by lions the Pir kept that were there shepherds and milkers as well. Such are the tales of this legend grown larger than life.


                                                      Moti mehra gurdwara history



On the 24th December, 1704, Sahibzadas Baba Zorawar Singh ji, Baba Fateh Singh ji along with Jagat Mata Gujriji (mother of Guru Gobind Singh Ji) were arrested by Kotwal Jaani Khan of Morinda at Kheri, the native village of Gangu Ram.Gangu was a servant of Guru Gobind Singh who was allured by the money and jewellery which Mata Gujri ji carried and ,thus, informed the Kotwal of Morinda about their presence in his house. Jaani Khan brought them as prisoners to Sirhind. Faujdar Wazir Khan of Sirhind imprisoned them in theThanda Burj (cold Fort). Baba Moti Ram Mehra was a servant in the HIndu kitchen of the Faujdar. He used to serve food to the Hindu prisoners. Jagat Mata Gujri ji refused to accept the food of the Mughal kitchen as well as that which came from Diwan Sucha Nand’s house. Baba Moti Ram Mehra was a great follower of Sikh Gurus. He used to serve the sikhs on their way to Ananadpur Sahib and back to their homes. The sikhs took rest at his mud house, where the mother of Baba Moti Ram Mehra and Bibi Bholi, wife of Mehra ji prepared food for these sikhs. When Jagat Mata Gujriji refused to accept the food, Baba Moti Ram Mehra could not bear the Sahibzadas sleeping hungry. He came home and told his family that he would serve milk and fresh water to these great prisoners. His mother and wife wee scared and tried to persuade him not to take such a step. Bibi Bholi, wife of Mehra ji, told him that the Wazir Khan had made an announcement in the town that whoever tried to help and serve any type of food to the sons of the tenth Guru, he along with his family would be crushed alive in a Kohlu,(the oil squeezer). This information could not change the resolve of Baba ji. His mother told him that there were so many followers of the Guru in the town, they could have dared to serve the Sahibzadas. Baba Moti Ram Mehra humbly, but with determination, told his mother that those followers feared the ruler . “Aren't you scared, my son?” asked the mother. Baba Mehra ji humbly replied,“Dear mother our Guru is fighting against injustice of the Mughals. I will serve the great mother and the Sahibzadas. I don’t fear the punishment of the Faujdar. The history will not forgive us if we do not serve the great prisoners." Sensing his determination, his wife gave him her silver jewellery and some coins and requested him,” Please bribe the gate man of the Burj and request him to keep this act a secret.” Baba ji praised his wife for participation in the great cause.Baba Moti Ram served milk and water to the Sahibzadas and Mata Gujri ji for three nights. On 27th December 1704, the Sahibzadas were slain after bricking them alive in the foundation of the wall. Mata Gujri ji also breathed her last. Raja Todar Mall of Sirhind performed the cremation. He told Baba Mehra ji to arrange a cart of Chandan wood, which he brought from the forests of Atta Ali. After some time, Pumma, the brother of Gangu, told the Faujdar that his servant (Cook) had served the prisoners with milk and water. Baba Moti Ram Mehra, his mother, wife and a little son were arrested. He did not conceal his act and boldly told the Faujdar that, it was his dharma to serve the young children and the aged mother of Guru Gobind Singhji. So, Baba Moti Ram Mehra along with his father were sentenced to the death by being squeezed in a squeezer (Kohlu). His sacrifice was first sermonized by Baba Banda Bahadur ji. Now his followers and kin of his caste have constituted a Charitable Trust. A Gurudwara named Memorial Baba Moti Ram Mehra has been constructed opposite Rauza Sharif 200 Mts. away from Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib by theTrust. The land was donated by Shiromani Gurudwara Parbandhak Committee


                                                  Gurdwara   Thanda Burj.




Mata Gujari was the daughter of Bhai lal Chand Subulikka and Bishan Kaur, a pious couple of Kartarpur, in present-day kapurthala district of the Punjah. Lal Chand had migrated from his ancestral village, Lakhnaur, in Ambala district, to settle at Kartarpur where his dauggter Gujari was married to (Guru) Tegh Bahadur on 4 February 1633. The betrothal had taken place four years earlier when Tegh Bahadur had come to Kartarpur in the marriage party of his elder brother, Suraj Mall. Bishan Kaur, the mother, had been charmed by the handsome face of Tegh Bahadur and she and her husband pledged the hand of their daughter to him. After the marriage ceremony, the couple came to reside in Amritsar. Bride Gujari won the appreciation of everyone "Like bridegroom like bride" records Gurbilas Chhevi patshsahi. "Gujari is by destiny made worthy of Tegh Bahadur in every way " In 1635, Mata Gujari left Amritsar with the holy family and went to reside at Kartarpur, in the Sivalik foothills. After of Guru Hargobind left this world in 1644, she came with her husband and mother-in-law, Mata Nanaki, to Bakala, now in Amritsar district of the Punjab. There they lived in peaceful seclusion, Tegh Bahadur spending his days and nights in meditation and Gujari performing the humble duties of a pious and devoted housewife. After he was installed Guru in 1664, Guru Tegh Bahadur, accompanied by Mata Gujari, went on a visit to Amritsar, travelling on to Makhoval, near Kiratpur, where a new habitation, named Chakk Nanaki (later Anandpur) was founded in the middle of 1665.
Soon after this,Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his mother, Nanaki, and wife, Gujari, set out on a long journey to the east Leaving the family at Patna, he travelled on to Bengal and Assam. At Patna, Mata Gujari gave birth to a son on 22 December 1666. The child was named Gobind Rai, the illustrious Guru Gobind Singh of later day. Guru Tegh Bahadur returned to Patna in 1670 for a brief stay before he left for Delhi, instructing the family to proceed to lakhnaur, now in Haryana.
Mata Gujari, accompanied by the aged Mata Nanaki and young Gobind Rai, reached, on 13 September 1670, Lakhnaur where she stayed with her brother Mehar chand, until she was joined by her husband. An old well just outside Lakhnaur village and reverently called Matta da Khuh or Mata Gujari da Khuh still commemorates her visit. From Lakhnaur the family proceeded to Chakk Nanaki where Guru Tegh Bahadur rejoined them in March 1671 after spending some more time travelling through the Malva region and meeting sangats. At Chakk Nanaki, 11 July 1675 was a momentous day when Guru Tegh Bahadur left for Delhi prepared to make the supreme sacrifice. She showed courage at the time of parting and bore the ultimate trial with fortitude. Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed in Delhi on 11 November 1675, and, Guru Cobind Singh then being very young, the responsibility of managing the affairs at Chakk Nanaki, initially, fell to her. She was assisted in the task by her younger brother, Kirpal Chand.
Gurdwara Mata Gujari jiWhen in face of a prolonged siege by hostile hill rajas and Mughal troops Chakk Nanaki (Anandpur) had to be evacuated by Guru Gobind Singh on the night of 5-6 December 1705, Mata Gujari with her younger grandsons, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh, aged nine and seven year respectively, was separated from the main body while crossing the rivulet Sarsa. Thc three of them were led by their servant, Gangu, to the latter's village, Saheri, near Morinda in present day Ropar district, where he treacherously betrayed them to the local Muslim officer. Mata Gujari and her grandsons were arrested on 8 December and confined in Sirhind Fort in what is referred to in Sikh chronicles as Thanda Burj, the cold tower. As the children were summoned to appear in court from day to day, the grandmother kept urging them to remain steadfast in their faith. On 11 December they were ordered to be bricked up alive in a wall, but, since the masonry crumbled before it covered their heads, they were executed the following day. Mata Gujari ji were prisoned on top of a tower which was opened from all sides without any warm clothes in very cold month of December. She continued the tradition of Sikhism and without complaints give her body singing guru ki Bani. Mata Gujari ji attained martyrdom the same day as her grandsons. No doubt Guru Nanak Dev ji had said "Why isn't woman equal to man when she is who gave birth to kings, and protectors of Dharma". Mata Gujari ji through upbringing of her grandsons played such an important role in Sikhism that as sikhs, we can owe our existence to her. It was due to her teachings that 6 year old and 9 year old did not bulge from their Dharma and attained martyrdom., thus continuing and emphasizing the institute of martyrdom in Sikhism. Seth Todar Mall, a kind-hearted wealthy man of Sirhind, cremated the three dead bodies the next day.
At Fatehgarh Sahib, near Sirhind, there is a shrine called Gurdwara Mata Gujari (Thanda Burj). This is where Mata Gujari spent the last four days of her life. Ahout one kilometre to the southeast of it is Gurdwara Joti Sarup, marking the cremation site. Here, on the ground floor, a small domed pavilion in white marble is dedicated to Mata Gujari. The Sikhs from far and near come to pay homage to her memory, especially during a three-day fair held from 1113 Poh, Bikrami dates falling in




Gurudwara Patna Sahib 
Takht Patna Sahib enjoys the privilege of being the birthplace of the Tenth Guru Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. He was born here on December 22, 1666. There stands, at the sacred place a magnificent holy shrine, called Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib. It is situated in one of the old quarters of Patna city, once known as Kucha Farrukh Khan, now known as Harmandir Gali.
Patna Sahib, Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Patna, Gurudwara Patna Sahib This sacred place has the honour of being visited by the first Guru Sri Guru Nanak Dev ji and the ninth Guru Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji. It is from this place that the commandment of valiance and fearlessness was issued to the Sikh fraternity. The ninth Guru waxed eloquent about this to justify ways of God to men. "This is why I was born and set Patna Sahib as my place of work". This very line indicates that Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born at this sacred place. After bidding an adieu to his promising childhood at Sri Patna Sahib, Guru Sahib stepped into the holy land of Sri Anandpur Sahib.

Gurudwara Patna Sahib is regarded as the centre for propagating Sikhism in the east. As history would have it, Takht Sri Patna Sahib is the second accepted and acknowledged Takht of the Sikhs.

It was 'Sher-e-Punjab' Maharaja Ranjit Singh who, first of all, undertook the task of raising a monumental Sikh Temple at this place. As a result of an earthquake, the celestial edifice came to be a heap of dust. With the co-operation of the Sikh masses, the golden fabric, as it stands today, has come into its own. 
Some relics of the tenth Guru are also preserved in Patna Sahib. Among them is a pangura (cradle) with four stands covered with Golden plates. Guruji during his childhood used to sleep in this cradle. Moreover, four iron arrows, sacred sword of the Master and a pair of his sandals are also preserved. Hukamnamas of Guru Gobind Singh and Guru Tegh Bahadur contained in a book are also kept in this holy Gurudwara.